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From Talbot to Stieglitz

Masterpieces of Early Photography from the New York Public Library

From Talbot to Stieglitz( )
Contribution by: New York Public Library Staff,
Van Haaften (Julia) Staff,
Author: Van Haaften, Julia
Publication Date:Jan 1982
Publisher:Thames & Hudson
Book Format:Hardback
List Price:Contact Supplier contact
Author Biography
Van Haaften, Julia (Contribution by)
New York Public Library, 1895 The New York Public Library was founded in 1895 using the funds from a trust that the political leader Samuel J. Tilden left. The library system consists of an administrative center, four research libraries, and 82 neighborhood branch libraries in the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island. The boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens have their own public library systems. Its full name is The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.

The trust made it possible to consolidate the Astor and Lenox libraries, which were two research facilities that were experiencing financial difficulty. The Astor Library was established in 1849 by an endowment left by John Jacob Astor, and the Lenox Library was the private collection of the American philanthropist James Lenox. Upon his death in 1880, the collection became a research library. The library contracted with the city to build and operate libraries in three of the city's boroughs and in 1901, Andrew Carnegie provided the money to build the first 39 branches. The research libraries are supported mostly by private endowments and gifts with additional grants awarded by the federal government and the city and state of New York.

The Central Research Building was dedicated as a free research library in 1911. It is the administrative center of the research libraries and is the largest library of the system. It is a marble structure that covers two blocks from 40th to 42nd streets on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan and is where the cataloging and acquisition for the research libraries takes place.

The research libraries include the Library for the Performing Arts, which is located within the Lincoln Center complex, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem, the Center for the Humanities, which is housed in the Central Research Building and the Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL). The SIBL has a 50,000 volume circulating an

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